September 19, 2018
CFO – SEC Move Could Lessen Proxy Advisers’ Influence
By David McCann
- The commission rescinds guidance that led investment managers to outsource their proxy-voting decisions to proxy advisers.
The Securities and Exchange Commission has rescinded two guidance letters from 2004, a move that may reduce the influence proxy advisers have on say-on-pay and other shareholder votes.
The guidance letters informed investment management firms that outsourcing their proxy-voting decisions to proxy advisers would satisfy their fiduciary obligations to vote their shares, while avoiding potential conflicts of interest with regard to companies whose funds they manage.
For example, if an investment manager (like Vanguard) has proxies to vote on behalf of a company in one of its index funds, and also manages that company’s pension fund, it could conceivably be influenced to vote with management on the proxy matters, points out compensation and governance consultancy Farient Advisors.
By essentially delegating to proxy advisers the votes on its shares in that company, the investment manager would be “cleansed” of potential allegations of conflict, based on the 2004 letters.
Now, with that guidance rescinded, investment managers can choose to vote according to their determination of the merits of each proxy resolution, which may or may not correspond to proxy-adviser recommendations.
“Critics of the SEC guidance letters have argued that they effectively institutionalized proxy advisory firms, especially Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS), as de facto regulators without the oversight required of actual regulators,” Farient says. “The critics also have contended that over-reliance on such firms may not be in investors’ best interests.” (In addition to ISS, the other major proxy adviser is Glass Lewis.)
ISS’s business model is arguably built largely on regulatory requirements, especially the SEC’s 2003 rule mandating that investment managers disclose their proxy voting policies (and votes) and the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, which mandated say-on-pay.
Many of the larger institutional investors have built internal governance expertise to guide voting decisions, using ISS data to help them screen companies to target. Smaller funds have generally found it more cost effective to essentially outsource their votes to ISS, according to Farient.